It occurs when the body is not able to produce a sufficient amount of insulin or its use is altered, generating an increase in blood sugar levels and consequently damage to the kidneys, heart, nerves and eyes.
- Family members with a history of diabetes.
- Bad eating habits.
- Sedentary life.
- History of gestational diabetes.
- Race predisposition (African American, Hispanic, Native American, and some Pacific Islander and Asian American).
- High cholesterol.
- Increased thirst.
- Increased frequency of urination.
- Increased appetite
- Feeling tired.
- Blurry vision.
- In some it may be asymptomatic, initially.